In addition to discrimination, does federal law prohibit certain employment practices?
UPDATED: June 19, 2018
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Yes. Some of the more common federal laws regulating employment practices in addition to discrimination include the following:
The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) regulates company pension and other benefit plans, including health insurance.
The Occupational Safety and Health Act regulates workplace safety and health conditions.
The Fair Labor Standards Act establishes minimum wage and overtime standards, as well as child labor rules (this applies to employers with two or more employees engaged in interstate commerce).
The Immigration Reform and Control Act prohibits the employment of aliens (non-U.S. citizens without proper documentation of the legal right to work in the U.S.).